Seoul National University
Introduction to Noncommutative Geometry
(a.k.a. Operator Algebras)
Spring 2012
Prof. Raphaël Ponge
Time and Location:
- The lectures take place on Tuesdays and Thusrsdays from
2pm to 3:15pm
in 20-116.
Contact Information:
- Office: 27-314.
- E-mail: ponge [dot] snu [at] gmail [dot] com.
- Phone: 02-887-4694.
Evaluation:
- Evaluation will be based on homework. There will be up to 4-5
homework assignments throughout the semester.
Course Outline:
- A main aim noncommutative geometry is to translate the tools of differential geometry into the operator theoretic language of quantum mechanics.
More precisely, using the duality between spaces and algebras, we want
to replace the study of
noncommutative spaces, which hardly make sense, by that of
noncommutative algebras playing formally the roles of the algebras of
functions on "ghost" noncommutative spaces.
- The aim of this course is to provide an overview of some of the
tools and methods of noncommutative geometry and present some
important geometric applications.
- In the first part of the semester,
we shall see how the basic tools
of calculus can be translated into the language of noncommutative geometry.
As an application we will see how to give sense to "lower dimensional
volumes" for
Riemannian manifolds (e.g. we see will how to define the area of
any Riemannian manifold dimension >2).
- The 2nd part of the course will focus on noncommutative geometry and local
index theory. More specifically, we shall see how noncommutative
geometry provides us with a purely algebraic framework in which
the local index formula holds ultimately.
- The last part will be to devoted to an important
geometric application of the local index formula in noncommutative
geometry. Namely, the transverse index theorem in
diffeomorphism-invariant geometry of Connes and Moscovici.
Contents:
- Chapter 1: Spectrum and duality between spaces and
algebras.
- Chapter 2: Operators on a Hilbert space.
- Chapter 3: Characteristic values and Operator
Ideals.
- Chapter 4: Quantized calculus.
- Chapter 5: Pseudodifferential operators.
- Chapter 6: The Noncommutative residue.
- Chapter 7: Quantized calculus and lower dimensional
volumes.
- Chapter 8: The Atiyah-Singer index theorem.
- Chapter 9: K-theory.
- Chapter 10: Cyclic cohomology.
- Chapter 11: The local index formula in
noncommutative geometry.
- Chapter 12: The transverse index theorem in
diffeomorphism-invariant geometry.
Main References:
- Connes, A.: Noncommutative geometry. Academic Press, San
Diego, 1994. (Available online
here.)
- Connes, A.; Moscovici, H.: The local index formula in
noncommutative geometry.
Geometric and Functional Analysis 5 (1995), 174-243.
(Available online here.)
- Connes, A.; Moscovici, H.: Hopf algebras, cyclic
cohomology and the transverse index theorem. Communications in
Mathematical Physics 198 (1998), 199--246.
(Available online here.)
- Gracia-Bondía, J.M.; Várilly, J.C.; Figueroa, H.:
Elements of Noncommutative Geometry. Birkhäuser, Boston, 2001.
- Higson, N.: The residue index theorem of Connes and Moscovici.
Surveys in Noncommutative Geometry, 71-126, Clay Mathematics Proceedings 6, AMS, Providence, 2006.
(Available online here.)
- Ponge, R.: Noncommutative geometry and lower
dimensional volumes in Riemannian geometry. Letters in
Mathematical Physics 83 (2008) 19-32.
(Available online here.)
- Ponge, R.: Introduction to Noncommutative Geometry. Lecture
notes, graduate course, University of Tokyo, Oct. 2010-Jan. 2011
(Available online here.)
- Skandalis, G.: Noncommutative geometry, the transverse signature
operator, and Hopf algebras (translated from French by R. Ponge and N.
Wright). Operator algebras and
noncommutative geometry II, Encyclopaedia of Mathematical Sciences,
121, pp. 115-134. Springer Verlag, Berlin, 2004.